User Information


The Historical Jewish Press website includes electronic versions of Jewish newspapers from different historical periods in three languages. All the website's newspapers are black and white, and the website allows the user to search the text of all the published material (for search tips, click here). Search results are given in the form of articles that mirror the original layout of the newspaper.

This page provides information on how best to make use of the different newspapers' interfaces.

Please note: This website is best viewed with either Firefox or Internet Explorer. Other browsers may suffer from display problems. The recommended resolution is 1024 x 768 or higher.


  Table of Contents:
 
  1. Navigation Toolbar
  2. Search
  3. Browse
  4. Advanced Search
  5. Search Results
  6. View Issue
  7. Article interface
  8. My Collection





Navigation Toolbar

The buttons allow the user to navigate between the different options within the newspaper interface:

  

Some of the buttons may appear disabled as in the next image, and will become enabled after a search or a browse.



Below, a brief description of each button is provided:

Search: This is the default page for the newspapers' interface; it allows the user to perform a simultaneous full textual search of all the published content of all the newspapers in all the languages.

Browse: This page allows the user to choose the desired newspaper issue by year, month, and day. The interface only permits the user to choose dates for which there are existing issues.

Advanced Search: This page allows the user to perform a search while controlling the search properties and the presentation of results:
  • Boolean search
  • Limiting the search by type of material (articles, pictures, advertisements, etc.)
  • Limiting the search by newspaper
  • Limiting the search by language (searches the newspapers in the selected language)
  • Limiting the search by time period
  • Sorting the search results by selected criteria (score, word count, etc.)
Search Results: This page allows the user to return to the results of the last search performed (it will appear disabled before an initial search has been performed).

View Issue: This page allows the user to view the entire page of a newspaper. It may be reached either through the Browse tab or through Search Results by selecting the "Page" option. On this page the user may select an article to read and also browse through the pages of the current issue.

My Collection: This page allows the user to view articles s/he saved to "My Collection" while browsing and searching.


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Search

The user may perform a basic search by simply typing a word or phrase in Hebrew, English or French into the search box and pressing 'Go'




The search will be conducted on all newspapers simultaneously, and the results will be presented on the Search Results page.


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Browse

The Browse page allows the user to choose the desired newspaper issue by year, month, and day:



From the drop-down menu the user must first select a newspaper (this option allows the user to choose only one newspaper at a time), and then a date: year, month and day (the day is selected by placing the cursor on the desired day and clicking once). After this selection has been made, the front page of the chosen issue will open. For more information, click here.

Please note: Only dates for which newspaper issues are available will appear as options for the user's selection.


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Advanced Search

The Advanced Search page allows the user to control different variables in the search, as well as the order of the results displayed.

  • Boolean search: In order to focus the search and prevent "information overload," the user may employ the Boolean search operators AND, OR, NOT, and NEAR. The user may type these Boolean search operators manually, or s/he may click on the grey tabs above the search box, which will automatically add the selected search operator to the search box

  • Limiting the search by type of material: This option allows the user to perform searches for specific types of material: articles, pictures, or advertisements (the default mode searches all types of material). As a general rule, we recommend not limiting the search by type of material unless the user is faced with an extremely large number of search results. The user may limit the search by selecting one of three options (only one option may be selected at a time).



  • Limiting the search to one or more newspapers: The next three boxes allow the user to limit the search to one or more newspapers. The user may select a newspaper from the drop-down menu in the first box (Search in Publication). The user may select more than one newspaper from the list (by holding down the Control button during each additional selection), and all combinations of newspapers are permissible. Alternatively, the user may select a language from the Select Language box and thereby perform a simultaneous search of all the newspapers available in that language (Hebrew, French or English). A check mark on the last box (Search in all Publications) will enable a simultaneous search of all the newspapers on the website (please note: a check mark on the "Search in all Publications" box will override all previous selections of newspapers).



  • Limiting the search by time period: The user may limit the search to any time period, but it is recommended to first confirm that the selected newspaper was published during the specified period (searching for a time period in which the newspaper was not published will not yield any results). In order to verify the years of publication for any newspaper on the website, the user may turn to the Search by Historical Period page. The user may limit the search by selecting the "Date Range" option and then specifying the beginning and ending dates of the desired time period:





    After limiting the dates the user may implement the search by clicking 'Go'.

  • Methods for sorting search results: The user may sort the search results by one of the following six options:
    • Score (default option): This option organizes the search results according to an advanced scoring system that takes into account both the number of appearances of the word or phrase and its location within the article. Thus, for example, if the word appears in an article's title, it will receive a higher score than if the word only appears in the body of an article.
    • Title: This option organizes the articles according to their titles. Thus titles beginning with letters earlier in the alphabet (A, B, C…) will appear higher in the list of search results than titles beginning with letters at the end of the alphabet (…X, Y, Z).
    • Word Count: The more frequently the sought-after words appear in the article, the higher that article will appear in the list of search results.
    • Date Ascending: This option organizes the search results chronologically from earliest to latest.
    • Date Descending: This option organizes the search results chronologically from latest to earliest.
    • Publication: This option organizes the search results according to the order of publication of the newspapers.

    In order to change the method of sorting search results, the user must select one of the six options from the drop-down menu:



    Clicking 'Go' will take the user to the Search Results page.

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Search Results

This page presents the results of the last search performed:


Article: Clicking on 'Article' or on the title of the article itself (the titles appear on the right-hand side of the screen) will open the article in a new window. Opening the article will allow the user to easily locate the searched-for keywords in the text (highlighted in different colors), to read the entire article without interruption (even if the article continues on more than one page), to print or email the article, etc. For more information, click here.

Page: Selecting this option will allow the user to access the full page of the newspaper from which the specific article—which will be highlighted in blue—was taken. With this option it is possible to view other articles that appear on the same page as well as browse through other pages in the issue. For more information, click here.

My Collection: Clicking on 'My Collection' allows the user to temporarily save the selected article. The user may return to My Collection by selecting 'My Collection' from the Navigation toolbar, as long as it is accessed from the same computer, using the same browser, as that from which the user first created the list.

Search within results: The user may further refine the search by performing an additional search on the results that were received. This may be performed by entering a word or phrase in the "Search within Results" box located at the bottom of the Results page:



The additional word or phrase which the user enters in the box will be added to the terms entered in the original search.


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View Issue

The View Issue page presents an entire page from the newspaper selected during a search or browsing session:




In the View Issue page, the user may enlarge or reduce the size of the newspaper page being viewed, print an entire page from the newspaper, and select an article to read, print or send by email.

Opening articles: A single left-click on the body of the desired article will open it in the article interface.

Browsing between pages: The user may browse between pages of the newspaper by clicking on the arrows at the top of the page—the right-hand arrow takes the user to the next page, while the left-hand arrow returns the user to the previous page. Alternatively the user may jump to any page in the issue by typing the number of the desired page into the box between the two arrows at the top of the page.

Moving to the next issue or the previous issue: Opening the Features menu at the top of the page allows the user to choose to move to the next or previous issue.

Controlling page size: For the newspapers which allow page-size adjustment, the user may change the page size either through the Page Size menu at the upper-left side of the page or with the two icons marked with plus and minus symbols (+/-) which are located at the upper-right side of the page.

Printing an entire newspaper page: Clicking on the Page menu at the upper-left side of the page and selecting 'Print Page' allows the user to print an entire page of the newspaper (the one currently being viewed).



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Article Interface

The Article window enables reading, printing, emailing, and tracking of keywords in the article:



Moving between results: If the article currently being viewed by the user was reached through the search function (and was not chosen while browsing from page to page), the searched-for keywords will be highlighted in blue and purple (as in the above picture where the words 'Ben Gurion' are highlighted). In the event that the keywords appear more than once throughout the article, the user may move from one result to the next with the help of the arrows which appear on the upper-right side of the page bordering the word 'Hits'. The result currently being viewed is highlighted in purple, while the rest of the search results are highlighted in blue.

Adding to My Collection: 'My Collection' is an interface that allows the user to temporarily save articles to a list for later perusal. The user may return to My Collection by accessing it from the same computer, using the same browser, as that from which s/he first created the list. In order to add an article to My Collection from within the article interface, the user may either choose 'Add to My Collection' from the Article menu at the upper-left corner of the window or click on the icon of a file folder with a plus sign on it located in the upper-right side of the window.

Sending an article by email: The user may email a link to the article currently being viewed by selecting 'Send by email' from the Article menu at the upper-left side of the window or by clicking on the envelope icon at the upper-right side of the window. In both cases, a new window will open which will allow the user to enter the email information and add a brief message. The email recipient will be sent a link through which s/he can view the selected article.

Printing: The user may print the article currently being viewed in one of two ways: by selecting 'Print' from the Article menu at the upper-left side of the window or by clicking on the printer icon at the upper-right side of the window.

Please note: If the printed text appears cut off along the sides, the user should check that the printing preference is set to width (Landscape) rather than length (Portrait). In order to change this feature, the user should select 'Preferences' from the opened printer interface window.

Saving an article: The user may save articles to the computer s/he is using in one of two ways: by selecting "Save as HTML" from the Article menu at the upper-left side of the window or by clicking on the diskette icon at the upper-right side of the window.

Please note: In order to complete the saving process, the user must select "Save As" from the File menu of the new window that will open, and then choose one of the saving options provided.

Additional information: Selecting 'Additional Information' from the View menu at the upper-left side of the window will open a small, new window with additional details on the article (name of publication, date, and page number).

Color inversion (only available when using Internet Explorer): Selecting 'Invert Colors' from the View menu at the upper-left side of the window allows the user to view the article in inverted colors, which will help in deciphering blurred or faded text in the article.

Please note: This feature is most effective when the article has been reached through browsing rather than searching, as the highlighted keywords resulting from a search are unreadable when the colors of the article are inverted.


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My Collection

Throughout the process of searching or browsing, the user may save articles in 'My Collection'. The My Collection page displays the articles saved by the user up to this point:



Opening an article: A single left-click on the article's title will open it in the article interface.

Removing articles from My Collection: To remove articles from My Collection, the user must first select the articles to be removed (by placing a check mark in the box above the title) and then click 'Remove Selected'. To remove all of the articles saved in My Collection, the user should click 'Remove All'.


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